Top Ten Causes for Back Pain
- Posted on: May 26 2016
Back pain, while common, can range from a constant, dull ache to a sharp, sudden, and debilitating pain that can make movement challenging. Below is a list of common causes for lower, mid and upper back pain.
- Herniated and Slipped Discs: Herniated and slipped discs result when a crack in the tough outer layer of the disc cartilage allows some of the soft inner layer to protrude out of the disc. This protrusion can lead to pressing of nerves resulting in pain.
- Bulging Discs: Pain related to bulging discs are most likely caused by wear and tear and can also lead to similar nerve pain to a disc herniation.
- Sacroiliac Joint Pain: The sacroiliac (SI) joints are formed by the sacrum, the triangular-shaped bone in the lower portion of the spine, and the right and left iliac bones. Arthritis, inflammation of the joints, increased stress, and abnormal walking patterns can all be causes for pain originating in the SI joint.
- Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal. Most commonly, the narrowing of the spine results in compression of the nerve roots which can cause pain in the back and in most cases, along the back of the leg.
- Arthritis: Arthritis can affect any joint in the body, including the joints located in the spine. Often these joints harden and thicken with age leading to cartilage breakdown, particularly in the facet joints. This degradation can cause slight to severe back pain.
- Accidents and Falls: Back pain is one of the most prevalent consequence of a fall, motor vehicle collision, or work related injury. Injury and trauma can be responsible for a majority of cases of sudden onset back pain.
- Muscle Sprains and Strains: Muscles and ligaments in the back can become strained or torn leading to muscles in the surrounding area to become inflamed. This inflammation can lead to back spasms causing severe back pain and difficulty in movement.
- Improper lifting: Incorrect lifting techniques when dealing with heavy objects greatly increases the strain placed on the back. This can easily cause muscle tears, tissue damage, or even small fractures, all of which lead to back pain.
- Poor posture: An unhealthy posture can irritate the small facet joints in the neck and back as well as the ligaments and soft tissues. This irritation can result in neck pain that can radiate down the shoulder blades and upper back or low back pain that can radiate down the legs. With time, poor posture can lead to more serious and chronic conditions.
- Lack of Regular Exercise: Prolonged static posture, longer than half an hour, and lack of exercise can be tough on the back. Maintaining a static position for too long can slowly diminish elasticity from tissues which can lead to varying degrees of back pain.
Diagnostic testing can be used to help confirm the origin of back pain. These include X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electromyograms, and nerve conduction studies.
Schedule an appointment in one of our premier neck and back pain facilities on Long Island and Queens to consult with one of our physicians regarding steps to relieve your pain today.
Posted in: Back Pain